High cholesterol is one of the possible problems with blood vessels in the future. Cholesterol is found in almost all parts of the body; it gets there with food.
What is Cholesterol?
Cholesterol belongs to the group of fatty acids. It is similar in structure to wax. This is an essential element since, with its help, vitamin D is produced, cell membranes are restored, calcium is absorbed.
It is dangerous when there are more high-density lipoproteins than low-density lipoproteins. Bad cholesterol is not broken down or excreted from the body, forming plaques.
The norm of cholesterol for an adult and a healthy person is 3-5.2 mmol/litre. This criterion can vary depending on the gender, age, and health status of the person.
Who is at Risk?
Most often, signs of high cholesterol are observed in the following groups of people:
- Lovers of fatty and unbalanced food. Usually, such people eat a lot of fatty meat, lard, eggs, fried foods.
- Smokers who make it a habit
- Alcoholics with no previous alcoholism rehab are at high risk.
- These habits disrupt the integrity of the vessel walls and disrupt the liver.
- Obese and overweight people.
- People with metabolic disorders.
- Patients with arterial hypertension.
- Men are at high risk. In the female body, this process is slowed down by sex hormones.
- Older adults.
- People with a genetic predisposition.
- Hypertensive patients.
- People with diabetes.
- Pregnant women.
- People with kidney disease.
- It is in unique drug therapy.
- People with a sedentary lifestyle.
- Junk food abusers.
Symptoms of High Cholesterol
The body always signals that something is wrong in its work. The following symptoms can indicate high cholesterol:
- Regular attacks of angina pectoris, accompanied by pain behind the sternum, radiate to the left shoulder blade.
- Pain in the legs when walking, which sometimes turns into lameness.
- Dizziness, headaches, decreased mental alertness, memory, and attention.
- Digestive disorders, pain in the navel after eating, loss of appetite, weight loss.
- Yellowish formations on the skin, composed of lipids.
Why is High Blood Cholesterol Dangerous?
Excess cholesterol remains on the inner walls of blood vessels, which deliver useful nutrients to the brain and other organs. They gradually build up and turn into plaque, which slows down normal blood flow and deprives the brain and other organs of essential nutrients. Because of this, well-being can deteriorate, and necrosis of a part of the heart, brain, or other vital organs can occur.
What Foods help Lower Cholesterol Levels in the Body?
There are different methods to combat high cholesterol levels. However, the cholesterol diet is recognized as the most effective. What foods should a person who is fighting cholesterol need to add to their diet?
How should you Eat with High Cholesterol?
With this problem, it is essential to observe the following measures:
- Limit the amount of salt to a minimum: Salt promotes fluid retention in body tissues. This provokes oedema and diseases of the excretory system.
- Eat low-calorie food, but 5-7 times a day: Eating frequent meals will help create a constant feeling of fullness when eating light meals.
- Give preference to vegetable fats: It is necessary to completely abandon butter and margarine, dressing dishes with vegetable fats.
- Give up bad habits altogether: The maximum that a person with high cholesterol can afford is to drink 2-3 sips of dry red wine once a week.
- Make plant-based foods the basis of your daily menu: So, cholesterol will begin to be excreted from the body faster; the vessels will become stronger and more elastic.
- Find time in your schedule for physical activities like bicep stretch, lunges or just walking in the fresh air.
What Foods can Help a Patient Lower Cholesterol Level?
The list of foods to lower cholesterol levels can include the following:
- Fatty fish: The presence of fat in fish should not frighten the patient. The fat is not the same as in sausage or chips. Fish is rich in fatty acids, which are the most effective at destroying cholesterol. There are many fatty acids in mackerel, herring, pike, trout, tuna, salmon, flounder.
- Nuts of any kind: It is enough to eat about 30 g of nuts per day so that after a month, the cholesterol tests will significantly improve. At the same time, it is essential to monitor your well-being since nuts often provoke allergic reactions.
- Vegetable oils: Sesame, linseed, soybean oils can be primarily distinguished among vegetable oils. They contain more useful components than the usual sunflower. They can add original flavour to dishes.
- Legumes: Legumes are rich in fibre, which is quickly activated in the blood. They give a long-lasting feeling of satiety and remove from the body even the cholesterol that has already been deposited on the walls of blood vessels.
- Products with added bran: Previously, bran was considered garbage that was thrown away. Today they are valued as a source of fibre, valuable for the body. They are added to baked goods, used as a seasoning in salads, and someone eats them just like that, washed down with water.
- Fruits and vegetables: Almost all fresh fruits and vegetables contain pectin. Pectin is a type of fibre that helps remove cholesterol deposits from the body. They are useful as a snack; you can completely replace any meal with vegetables or fruits.
- Leafy green tea: Tea leaves contain a substance called tannin. It binds together harmful compounds and removes them from the body.
What will happen if you do not Receive Treatment?
Plaques can appear in a wide variety of vessels and parts of the body. If they block the coronary artery, this threatens heart disease since it needs a constant flow of blood to function correctly.
In the most advanced cases, high cholesterol levels lead to thrombosis and then to amputation. Sometimes the plaques burst and completely block the blood flow to the area of the body. If this clot was in the brain, then it becomes the cause of a stroke.
Attention! With this problem, you need to contact a therapist who will redirect an endocrinologist or cardiologist who will take care of the treatment. To stay healthy, you need to regularly undergo medical examinations and take tests to identify hidden diseases.